Every year since 1953, FEMA has issued various declarations in response to natural and manmade disasters. Last year, 2023, was no different, except the number increased sharply from the previous year. This was especially true for major disaster declarations, which climbed to over 70 — versus 47 in 2022 — reinforcing the need for emergency preparedness in the year(s) ahead.
Most major disaster declarations issued in 2023 were associated with floods (21) and severe storms (31). Among the latest were DR-4752-UT (Utah Flooding) and DR-4751-TN (Tennessee Severe Storms and Tornadoes), declared in December. The latter of these declarations remains in effect today as people across Middle Tennessee, the home of BOLDplanning, continue to work through the recovery process.
Another major disaster declaration in 2023 pertained to fire, namely the Hawaii Wildfires, DR-4724-HI, which was declared in August. The fires, powered by high winds, prompted evacuations on the island of Maui and left the town of Lahaina in ruins. The fires also claimed the lives of 100 people (as of November 14, 2023), according to Maui police.
According to FEMA data, there were also seven major disaster declarations for winter storm events in 2023 and two snowstorms. On the opposite end of the weather spectrum were three major disaster declarations for tropical storms and four for hurricanes. These tropical weather events were Tropical Storm (and later) Hurricane Hilary, which impacted California and the La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians; Hurricane Idalia in Georgia; and Typhoon Mawar in the U.S. territory of Guam.
As most know, major disaster declarations provide a wide range of federal assistance programs for individuals and public infrastructure, including funds for emergency and permanent work. This includes hazard mitigation assistance for actions to prevent or reduce long-term risk to life and property from natural hazards.
In addition to the 70+ major disaster declarations issued by FEMA in 2023, there were also 13 emergency declarations (up from 10 in 2022). Emergency declarations supplement state and local efforts in providing emergency services, such as protecting lives, property, public health, and safety or to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe.
Of the 13 emergency declarations in 2023, three were related to tropical storms, three to hurricanes, one to flooding, two to typhoons, one to seawater intrusion, and two to severe winter storms (including flooding, landslides, and